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Step Bar (Frequency & Severity Testing)

Metal Frequency Severity Testing

Frequency severity testing is a macro cleanliness examination that counts the number and length of macro inclusions identified during fluorescent magnetic particle inspection. Cleaner steel is more valuable as it can be applied to higher rotating stress applications. Rotating parts typically fail via fatigue initiating from non-metallic inclusions. Consequently the frequency severity test is a standard test for the validation of material intended for automotive applications. The complete list of specifications related to this examination is:

  • SAE AMS 2300
  • SAE AMS 2301
  • SAE AMS 2303
  • SAE AMS 2304
  • JIS G 0556

The testing is typically performed at the mill or service center level for macro-cleanliness rating of bars or billets. An entire heat can be evaluated when the examinations is performed on a minimum of six billets prior to rolling. The billets are subcontracted to an open die forger where the rolling process is simulated by forging to a minimum 4:1 reduction of the billet.

Actual rolled bars can also be evaluated, but each individual size must then be tested. Again a minimum of six bars per size/heat must be evaluated to qualify the entire heat at the given diameter.

SGS MSi has a close relationship with an open die forger that permits rapid turn-around of test samples to meet critical delivery requirements. Our technicians are trained on two shifts to provide rapid machining and examinations after forging. SGS MSi is a leader in frequency severity examinations to over ten different mills.

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